The central government has come out with a list of economic activities that will be permitted after April 20, 2020 in certain areas keeping in view the interests of farmers and daily wager earners.
The Ministry of Home Affairs issued an order delineating a list of activities that will be allowed after April 20, 2020 and those which are prohibited.
"The activities prohibited across the country include travel by air, rail and road; operation of educational and training institutions; industrial and commercial activities; hospitality services; all cinema halls, shopping complexes, theatres, etc.; all social, political and other events; and opening of all religious places/ places of worship for members of public, including religious congregations. based on relaxations granted to areas after scrutinising their performance in containing the the Covid-19 disease,"
However, as Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced that some relaxations will be permitted after April 20, 2020 based on carefully monitoring the performance of blocks, districts, states in tackling the Covid-19 disease in their respective areas, the home minstry has issued guidelines regarding permission to certain economic activities from April 20, 2020 onwards.
The permitted activities from April 20, 2020 are aimed at ensuring that agricultural and related activities remain fully functional; the rural economy functions with maximum efficiency; employment opportunities are created for daily wage earners and other members of the labour force; select industrial activities are allowed to resume their operations, with adequate safeguards and mandatory standard operating protocols (SOPs); and the digital economy," read the order from home ministry.
The following economic activities will be permitted as they are crtitical for agricultural sector and job creation while strictly adhering to protocols in those areas where safety is paramount to contain the spread of Covid-19. These will be operationalised by state/UTs/district authorities based on compliance with existing guidelines. These will not be applicable to containment zones demarcated by respective states and UTs.
Here's a list of activities which will be allowed after April 20, 2020:
1. Transportation of goods will be permitted without any distinction of essential or non essential.
2. Farming operations:
*Farming operations by farmers and farm workers on the field.
*Agencies engaged in procurement of agriculture products, including MSP operations.
*Mandis operated by APMCor as notified by state/UT government. Direct marketing operations by the state/UT government or by industry, directly from farmers or group of farmers, FPOs'co-operatives etc. States/UTs may promote decentralised marketingand procurement at village level.
*Shops of agriculture machinery, its spare parts (including its supply chain) and repairs to remain open.
*Custome hiring Centres related to farm machinery.
*Manufacturing, distribution and retail of fertilizers, pesticides and seeds.
*Movement (inter and intra state) of harvesting and sowing related machines like combined harvester and other agriculture/horticulture implements
*Operations of the fishing (marine and inland)/ aquaculture industry, including feeding and maintenance, harvesting, processing, packaging, cold chain, sale and marketing.
*Hatcheries, feed plants, commercial aquaria.
*Movement of fish/shrimp and fish products, fish seed/ feed and workers for all these activities.
*Operations of tea, coffee and rubber plantations, with maximum of 50% of workers.
*Processing, packaging, sale and marketing of tea, coffee, rubber and cashew, with maximum 50% workers
*Collection, processing, distribution and sale of milk and milk products by milk processing plants, including transport and supply chain.
*Operation of animal husbandry farms including poultry farms and hatcheries and livestock farming activity.
*Animal feed manufacturing and feed plants, including supply of raw materials, such as maize and soya.
* Operation of animal shelter homes including Gaushalas.
3. To provide an impetus to the rural economy, industries operating in rural areas, including food processing industries; construction of roads, irrigation projects, buildings and industrial projects in rural areas; works under MNREGA, with priority to irrigation and water conservation works; and operation of rural Common Service Centres (CSCs) have all been allowed. These activities will create job opportunities for rural labor, including the migrant labor force.
4. Manufacturing and other industrial establishments with access control have been permitted in SEZs, EoUs, industrial estates and industrial townships after implementation of SOP for social distancing. Manufacture of IT hardware and of essential goods and packaging are also allowed. Coal, mineral and oil production are permitted activities. It is expected that the industrial and manufacturing sectors will see a revival with these measures, and will create job opportunities while maintaining safety protocols and social distancing. At the same time, the important components of the financial sector, e.g., RBI, banks, ATMs, capital and debt markets as notified by SEBI and insurance companies will also remain functional, with a view to provide enough liquidity and credit support to the industrial sectors.
5. Digital economy is critical to the services sector and is important for national growth. Accordingly, e-commerce operations, operations of IT and IT enabled services, data and call centres for Government activities, and online teaching and distance learning are all permitted.
Commercial and private establishments:
*Print and electronic media including broadcasting, DTH and cable services.
*IT and IT enabled services with up to 50% strength
*Data and call centres for government activities only
*Govt approved Common Services Centres at Gram Panchayat level.
*E-commerce companies. Vehicles used by e-commerce operators will be allowed to ply with necessary permissions.
*Cold storage and warehousing services, including at ports, airports, railway stations, container depots, individual units and other links in logistics chain.
*Private security services and facilities management services for maintenance and upkeep of office and residential complexes.
*Hotels, homestays, lodges and motels which are accommodating tourists and persons stranded due to lockdown, medical and emergency staff air and sea crew.
*Establishments used/ earmarked for quarantine facilities.
*Services provided by self employed persons like electrician, IT, repairs, plumbers, motor mechanics and carpenters.
6. The revised guidelines also permit all health services and the social sector to remain functional; public utilities to function without any hindrance; the supply chain of essential goods to operate without any hindrance; and, important offices of Central and State Governments and local bodies to to remain open with required strength.